6.5 Reporting One-Sample t Tests in APA Style

  1. Provide the mean and standard deviation of the variable. If needed, you can review how to do this in the videos on Descriptive statistics in R Commander (beginning at 0:27) or Descriptive statistics in SPSS (beginning at 1:03).

  1. Indicate the significance and direction of the results.

  1. Provide the degrees of freedom.

  1. Provide the t statistic. Round the t value to two decimal places.

  1. Provide the p value. Report the exact p value unless p < .001.