7.5 Reporting Independent Samples t Tests in APA Style

  1. Provide the mean and standard deviation of the variable within each group, as described in the previous videos.

2. Indicate the significance and direction of the results.

  1. Provide the degrees of freedom.

  1. Provide the t statistic. Round the t value to two decimal places.

  1. Provide the p value. Report the exact p value unless p < .001.